Technoscience Journal for Community Development in Africa is a peer-reviewed, biannual journal jointly published by the Colleges of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, Engineering and Technology, Pure and Applied Sciences, and Information and Communication Technology at Kwara State University. The journal publishes original and scientific problem-oriented collaborative research in Science and Engineering aimed towards community development in any part of Africa. Its scope covers the following thematic areas: Structures, Thermofluids, Controls & Optimization, Aviation and Farm Machinery & Power (Engineering/Technology); Physical sciences, Mathematical sciences, Basic & Allied Health sciences and Biosciences and Biotechnology (Pure and Applied Sciences); Food Science & Technology, Animal Sciences, Crop & Soil Sciences; and Agricultural Economics & Extension (Agriculture); and Computer science and Engineering.